Babel version 1.6 Copyright (C) 1992-1996
Pat Walters and Matt Stahl

This manual is divided into 3 sections.

I. Installation
A. Unix Installation
 B. DOS Installation
II. Using Babel
III. Other Stuff


This software is provided on an "as is" basis, and without warranty of any kind, including but not limited to any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

In no event shall the authors or the University of Arizona be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, or consequential damages arising
from use or distribution of this software. The University of Arizona also shall not be liable for any claim against any user of this program by any third party.

SMILES support - thanks Simon Kilvington
Gaussian 94 support
Command line arguments have changed a bit. See the section below on multi-structure files.

We don't want any money for Babel (unless of course you insist), but wewould like to know who has a copy so that we can notify people about updates and bug fixes.

You can register by sending e-mail to and
letting us know the following:
     -who you are
     -where you are
     -what platform you're running Babel on
     -which file conversions you commonly use

We are very open to suggestions.  If there's anything you like or don't like about the program please let us know.  Also if there are file formats you would like to see supported let us know.

Thanks for downloading this copy of babel.  With this program we hope to implement a general framework for converting between file formats used for molecular modeling.